!!! Россия прекращает запуски "Протонов" !!!

Теги:авиация
 
?? Serge Pod #26.11.1999 23:36
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Serge Pod

администратор

"Протон" болен нужна операция.

Россия прекращает запуски "Протонов" до появления модернизированного двигателя 2-й ступени ракетоносителя, неисправности в котором привели к двум неудачным запускам. Модернизацию двигателя планируют закончить к марту 2000 года.


quote:
Russian Proton Stands Down

Russia is standing down its Proton flight operations to upgrade engines in the big rocket's second stage, blamed for the past two Proton launch failures, and won't have upgraded engines ready until March 2000. The impact of that decision on the upcoming Proton launch of the critical Zvezda Service Module for the International Space Station, if any, won't be known until a General Designers Review here on Dec. 2, a NASA spokesperson said yesterday. -Aerospace Daily
 


Вопрос:
quote:
Почему, столько лет надежно летавший "Протон", вдруг нуждается в модернизации двигателя?
 

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In knowledge we trust!  
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Nikita

аксакал

Потому что двигатели там далеко не те же самые что во времена успешных запусков.
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?? Serge Pod #27.11.1999 16:53
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Serge Pod

администратор

В чем это выражается?
In knowledge we trust!  
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Nikita

аксакал

Постоянная модернизация и усовершенствование. Частенько бывает что девайсы выпущенные под одной маркировкой с интервалом в пару недель различаются весьма конкретно. Так что скорее всего домодернизировались :(
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?? Serge Pod #03.12.1999 10:32
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Serge Pod

администратор

Proton Grounded Until March

Russia will likely keep its troubled Proton booster grounded
until March in order to complete engine upgrades, creating potential
additional delays for the International Space Station, an industry
publication reported November 24.

Aerospace Daily quoted Russian officials who said the Proton
booster, which has failed in two of its last four launches, would
remain grounded until the engines of the second stage of the booster
can be upgraded.

The second-stage engines of the normally-reliable Proton have
been implicated in both launch failures. A Proton crash July 5 was
traced to a fault weld in a turbopump of a second-stage engine, which
led to an explosion that destroyed the stage and caused the upper
stages and payload to crash in Kazakhstan.

While the investigation into the October 27 Proton crash is
still underway, the accident appears similar to the July accident, in
that a failure of the second stage engine was the most likely cause of
the crash. A preliminary report on the crash was delivered to Russian
Prime Minster Vladimir Putin on November 17, and a final report is due
this month.

Engines in the boosters involved in both failures came from
the same batch produced by Russia's Voronezh factory in 1993,
Aerospace Daily reported. They were made after a nine-month plant
shutdown, and officials, including Russian Space Agency chief Yuri
Koptev, speculate that workers and tools were not properly certified
before production resumed.

Voronezh had already been modernizing the Proton's
second-stage engines, work that had been accelerated after the July
accident. While the upgraded engines should be completed by the end
of this year, the work needed to install the engines on existing
Protons and prepare them for launch will push back the next Proton
launch until at least March.

That date would mean an additional delay for the International
Space Station and its Zvezda service module, to be launched on a
Proton. Earlier in November Russian officials had said that the
launch of Zvezda would not occur before February, although they
claimed problems with American components were behind the delay.

Moreover, while the Proton could return to service in March,
it is not clear the Zvezda would be the first payload for the Proton.
There are several commercial payloads due to be launched on Protons,
and officials may not wish to place a valuable payload such as Zvezda
on the first upgraded Proton.

A new launch date for Zvezda will likely be announced after a
General Designers' Review of ISS, scheduled to be held in Moscow
December 2, Aerospace Daily reported.



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